Giant Toad
"Giant Toad"
Bufo marinus

Photo © Karen Tweedy-Holmes/CORBIS, Courtesy Ron Kalasinskas

Giant Toad
"Giant Toad"
Bufo marinus , defends itself against a toad-eater snake, Xenodon rhabdocephalus
Photo © Michael & Patricia Fogden/CORBIS, Courtesy
Ron Kalasinskas


Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Amphibia

Order

Anura

Family

Bufonidae



Name/Status
Source

Giant Toad - Not On IUCN Red List

Check 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ for updates



Giant Toad

Habitat:

Native to Central America. Now also found in South America, Hawaii, Florida, Caribbean, the Philippines, and Australia. Temperate like forests and rainforests. Variety of habitats except cold. Near water. Amazon rainforest.

Diet:

Mainly insects, but will eat just about anything that can fit in their mouth.

Enemies:

Snakes, larger birds, and mammals.

Facts:

The Giant toad is also known as the Cane Toad and the Marine Toad.

In Australia, because of a lack of natural predators, they have reproduced in astonishing numbers.

They are a very large toad growing up to 9.5 inches with females weighing up to 4 pounds.

Generally they are brownish or cream colored.

The Giant toad can release a poisonous toxin (milky white fluid) which can kill many of its predators. Some predators have become immune to the poison while birds have been known to eat all parts of the Giant toad except the poisonous area (paratoid glands).

They are nocturnal.

Known to live up to 40 years in captivity, their life span in the wild is surely much less.

They are important in the rainforest because they help control the insect population.

Thanks to James Barker for much of the above information.


Additional Information
The Animal Diversity Web


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