Rhinoceros Hornbill
"Rhinoceros Hornbill"
Buceros rhinoceros
Photo courtesy/copyright 1997,
Borneo Adventure


Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Chordata

Class

Aves

Order

Bucerotiformes

Family

Bucerotidae



Name/Status
Source

Rhinoceros Hornbill - Lower Risk/Nearly Threatened

2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™


Rhinoceros Hornbill

Habitat:

Rainforests of Borneo. Other species of hornbills are also found in Indonesia and Africa.

Diet:

Mainly nuts, seeds, and fruit.

Enemies:

Humans, larger reptiles and mammals.

Facts:

There are about 54 species of hornbills.

The Rhinoceros hornbill is known as "Rangkok Badak" in Indonesia.

They are a "seed disperser" in the rainforest.

Hornbills range in size from about 15-60 inches.

The Rhinoceros hornbill has similarities to a toucan, but they are not related.

Their beaks are not solid horn, so they really can't make their own holes in trees. They find a hole that has already been dug out and use it to make their nest.

The Rhinoceros hornbill, like all hornbills, has a strange breeding habit. The male and female will build a nest in the hole of a tree. Then the male will "cement" the nest shut (the female inside) with various cement-like materials. Only a little slit remains in the original hole and usually a small hole is left in the top where the female can escape if she has to. The male will transfer food through the little slit. The female will stay holed up for about three months until the eggs hatch. Then she will break down the entrance of the nest with her beak, and emerge with her chicks. (Attenborough, D. (1998) The Life Of Birds. Princeton University Press, New Jersey, USA.)

Many species of hornbills are incredible "screamers".



Additional Information
Monterey Bay
Rhinoceros Hornbill


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